We feel that this stands as a symbol of the insatiable curiosity of all mankind to explore the unknown Personally, in reflecting on the events of the past several days, a verse from Psalms comes to mind. Armstrong concluded:. The responsibility for this flight lies first with history and with the giants of science who have preceded this effort; next with the American people, who have, through their will, indicated their desire; next with four administrations and their Congresses, for implementing that will; and then, with the agency and industry teams that built our spacecraft, the Saturn, the Columbia, the Eagle, and the little EMU , the spacesuit and backpack that was our small spacecraft out on the lunar surface.
We would like to give special thanks to all those Americans who built the spacecraft; who did the construction, design, the tests, and put their hearts and all their abilities into those craft. To those people tonight, we give a special thank you, and to all the other people that are listening and watching tonight, God bless you. Good night from Apollo On the return to Earth, a bearing at the Guam tracking station failed, potentially preventing communication on the last segment of the Earth return. A regular repair was not possible in the available time but the station director, Charles Force, had his ten-year-old son Greg use his small hands to reach into the housing and pack it with grease.
Greg was later thanked by Armstrong. Hornet was then at her home port of Long Beach, California. To make room, most of Hornet ' s air wing was left behind in Long Beach. Special recovery equipment was also loaded, including a boilerplate command module used for training. After a night on board, they would fly to Hornet in Marine One for a few hours of ceremonies. McCain Jr. Paine , who flew to Hornet from Pago Pago in one of Hornet ' s carrier onboard delivery aircraft. He realized that a storm front was headed for the Apollo recovery area. Poor visibility which could make locating the capsule difficult, and strong upper level winds which "would have ripped their parachutes to shreds" according to Brandli; posed a serious threat to the safety of the mission.
Houston Jr. On their recommendation, Rear Admiral Donald C. This altered the flight plan. A different sequence of computer programs was used, one never before attempted. In a conventional entry, P64 was followed by P For a skip-out re-entry, P65 and P66 were employed to handle the exit and entry parts of the skip. In this case, because they were extending the re-entry but not actually skipping out, P66 was not invoked and instead P65 led directly to P The crew were also warned they would not be in a full-lift heads-down attitude when they entered P Two of the E-1s were designated as "air boss" while the third acted as a communications relay aircraft.
Two of the Sea Kings carried divers and recovery equipment. The third carried photographic equipment, and the fourth carried the decontamination swimmer and the flight surgeon. This was observed by the helicopters. During splashdown , Columbia landed upside down but was righted within ten minutes by flotation bags activated by the astronauts. The divers then passed biological isolation garments BIGs to the astronauts, and assisted them into the life raft.
The possibility of bringing back pathogens from the lunar surface was considered remote, but NASA took precautions at the recovery site. The astronauts were rubbed down with a sodium hypochlorite solution and Columbia wiped with Betadine to remove any lunar dust that might be present. The astronauts were winched on board the recovery helicopter. BIGs were worn until they reached isolation facilities on board Hornet.
The raft containing decontamination materials was intentionally sunk. After touchdown on Hornet at UTC, the helicopter was lowered by the elevator into the hangar bay, where the astronauts walked the 30 feet 9. He told them: "As a result of what you've done, the world has never been closer together before. After Nixon departed, Hornet was brought alongside the 5-short-ton 4. It was then attached to the MQF with a flexible tunnel, allowing the lunar samples, film, data tapes and other items to be removed.
Columbia was taken to Ford Island for deactivation, and its pyrotechnics made safe.
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In accordance with the Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Law , a set of regulations promulgated by NASA on July 16 to codify its quarantine protocol,  the astronauts continued in quarantine. After three weeks in confinement first in the Apollo spacecraft, then in their trailer on Hornet , and finally in the Lunar Receiving Laboratory , the astronauts were given a clean bill of health.
Loose equipment from the spacecraft remained in isolation until the lunar samples were released for study. On August 13, the three astronauts rode in ticker-tape parades in their honor in New York and Chicago, with an estimated six million attendees.
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Nixon and Agnew honored each astronaut with a presentation of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. The three astronauts spoke before a joint session of Congress on September 16, They presented two US flags, one to the House of Representatives and the other to the Senate , that they had carried with them to the surface of the Moon.
This celebration began a day world tour that brought the astronauts to 22 foreign countries and included visits with the leaders of many countries. Humans walking on the Moon and returning safely to Earth accomplished Kennedy's goal set eight years earlier. New phrases permeated into the English language. While most people celebrated the accomplishment, disenfranchised Americans saw it as a symbol of the divide in America, evidenced by protesters outside of Kennedy Space Center the day before Apollo 11 launched.
Ralph Abernathy , leading a protest march, was so captivated by the spectacle of the Apollo 11 launch that he forgot what he was going to say. A rat done bit my sister Nell. Twenty percent of the world's population watched humans walk on the Moon for the first time. While Apollo 11 sparked the interest of the world, the follow-on Apollo missions did not hold the interest of the nation.
Landing someone on the Moon was an easy goal to understand; lunar geology was too abstract for the average person. Another is that Kennedy's goal of landing humans on the Moon had already been accomplished. While most Americans were proud of their nation's achievements in space exploration, only once during the late s did the Gallup Poll indicate that a majority of Americans favored "doing more" in space as opposed to "doing less".
By , 59 percent of those polled favored cutting spending on space exploration. This was also a time when inflation was rising, which put pressure on the government to reduce spending. What saved the space program was that it was one of the few government programs that had achieved something great. Drastic cuts, warned Caspar Weinberger , the deputy director of the Office of Management and Budget , might send a signal that "our best years are behind us".
After the Apollo 11 mission, officials from the Soviet Union said landing humans on the Moon was dangerous and unnecessary. At the time the Soviet Union was attempting to retrieve lunar samples robotically. The Soviets publicly denied there was a race to the Moon, and indicated they were not making an attempt.
The Soviet government limited the release of information about the lunar landing, which affected the reaction. A portion of the populace did not give it any attention, and another portion was angered by it. For 40 years Armstrong's and Aldrin's space suits were displayed in the museum's Apollo to the Moon exhibit,  until it permanently closed on December 3, , to be replaced by a new gallery which was scheduled to open in A special display of Armstrong's suit is planned [ needs update ] for the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 in July The descent stage of the LM Eagle remains on the Moon.
In , the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter LRO imaged the various Apollo landing sites on the surface of the Moon, for the first time with sufficient resolution to see the descent stages of the lunar modules, scientific instruments, and foot trails made by the astronauts.
The location is uncertain because Eagle ascent stage was not tracked after it was jettisoned, and the lunar gravity field is sufficiently non-uniform to make the orbit of the spacecraft unpredictable after a short time. They were found on the Atlantic seabed using advanced sonar scanning. In July , a conservator discovered a serial number under the rust on one of the engines raised from the Atlantic, which NASA confirmed was from Apollo Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.
Most of the rocks are stored in nitrogen to keep them free of moisture. They are handled only indirectly, using special tools. Over research laboratories around the world conduct studies of the samples, and approximately samples are prepared and sent to investigators every year. Each display included Moon dust from Apollo This acrylic button magnified the grains of lunar dust. The Apollo 11 lunar sample displays were given out as goodwill gifts by Nixon in The Passive Seismic Experiment ran until the command uplink failed on August 25, The downlink failed on December 14, Armstrong's Hasselblad camera was thought to be lost or left on the Moon surface.
The bag contained a forgotten camera that had been used to capture images of the first Moon landing. On July 15, , Life. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum set up an Adobe Flash website that rebroadcasts the transmissions of Apollo 11 from launch to landing on the Moon. President Barack Obama at the White House. A group of British scientists interviewed as part of the anniversary events reflected on the significance of the Moon landing:.
It was carried out in a technically brilliant way with risks taken The Apollo programme is arguably the greatest technical achievement of mankind to date On January 24, , the Mint released the Apollo 11 Fiftieth Anniversary commemorative coins to the public on its website. A documentary film, Apollo 11 , with restored footage of the event, premiered in IMAX on March 1, , and broadly in theaters on March 8.
The three day July 18 to 20, outdoor festival featured hands-on exhibits and activities, live performances, and speakers such as Adam Savage and NASA scientists. The program also included a minute show that combined full-motion video projected on the Washington Monument to recreate the assembly and launch of the Saturn V rocket. There were three shows per night on July 19—20, with the last show on Saturday delayed slightly so the portion where Armstrong first set foot on the Moon would happen exactly 50 years to the second after the actual event.
In some of the following sources, times are shown in the format hours:minutes:seconds e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the crewed lunar mission. For other uses, see Apollo 11 disambiguation. First crewed space mission to land on the Moon. Buzz Aldrin on the Moon. Neil Armstrong photographed both of them using the visor's reflection.
Neil A. Armstrong Michael Collins Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. Apollo program. Play media.
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That's one small step Further information: Apollo 11 anniversaries. Further information: Apollo 11 50th Anniversary commemorative coins. Retrieved September 22, Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. Apollo 11 Lunar Surface Journal. Retrieved June 13, December 11, Retrieved September 7, Retrieved September 6, Archived from the original on June 6, Retrieved December 30, May 25, Retrieved September 16, The Rice Thresher.
Retrieved March 11, Rice University. Retrieved March 20, Kennedy Moon Speech — Rice Stadium". Retrieved March 19, Retrieved June 17, September 12, The Atlantic. General Assembly". John F. September 20, December Retrieved December 26, August 29, Retrieved August 12, National Air and Space Museum.
Smithsonian Institution. October 14, Retrieved September 1, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved October 4, The Independent. Retrieved January 10, Swanson, ed. August 5, Apollo 11 flight directors pose for a group photo in the Mission Control Center. Pictured left to right, and the shifts that they served during the mission, are in front and sitting Clifford E.
Charlesworth Shift 1 , Gerald D. Griffin Shift 1 , Eugene F. Kranz Shift 2 , Milton L. Windler Shift 4 , and Glynn S. Lunney Shift 3. Apollo, the race to the moon. Retrieved June 9, Archived from the original on August 30, Retrieved July 20, Anthony Dollar — —". United States Mint. Archived from the original on August 11, Retrieved October 11, Space flown collectible artifacts. Retrieved December 24, February 8, David; MacTaggart, Kenneth D.
Apollo Flight Journal. Richard Nixon Presidential Library. July 16, Retrieved September 3, Washington, D. July 6, Release No: K. March 1, Datamation Letter. July Breckenridge, Colorado: American Astronautical Society. Retrieved March 29, The History Channel. August 24, BBC Archives. Retrieved June 7, Retrieved September 23, The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, The Sydney Morning Herald. No one knows". Retrieved July 23, July 15, NASA Education.
Includes the "a" article as intended. BBC News. October 2, The Attic. Retrieved October 1, American Originals.
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